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Sleep Education


American Academy of Sleep Medicine 
  

 
 

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - Uses and Lifestyle Effects


Sleep Disorders Treated

Cognitive behavioral therapy is most often used for people who suffer from insomnia. Sometimes insomnia is caused by one of the following:

  • Another sleep disorder
  • A mental health disorder
  • A medical condition
  • In one of these cases, the root cause needs to be treated first. This should help solve the problem with insomnia. In other cases, the cause of insomnia is very complex. The best treatment for it may involve more than one method. More than one form of CBT may be used. Drugs may also be used along with cognitive behavioral therapy.

    People who complain of sleeping better away from home may benefit from Stimulus Control Instructions. This method should also help someone who spends a lot of time in bed doing things other than sleeping. This includes such things as reading, writing, and studying.

    Sleep Restriction Therapy is useful in many different cases of insomnia. It can help someone who is trying to stop using sleeping pills. It may not be the best option for someone who is severely sleepy. This person may not be able to handle the initial sleep loss that is involved. It is also not intended for the person who sleeps well but does not get enough sleep. Relaxation training and biofeedback are useful for people who are very tense and anxious when going to bed.

    Cognitive Control and Psychotherapy are useful in many different cases of insomnia. This includes cases where depression or stress is seen as a cause of the insomnia.

    Anyone whose habits are disturbing their sleep will benefit from sleep hygiene training.

    Possible side effects

    Cognitive behavioral therapy is not a quick fix for a sleep problem. It requires steady practice over time. Frustration may arise if you expect dramatic results right away. The time, effort, and money required may turn some people away.

    Sleep Restriction Therapy will make you sleepier at first. This is due to mild sleep loss in the early stages of the therapy.

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