August 2020 | Reviewed by: Seema Khosla, MD and Rafael J. Sepulveda, MD
What is a home sleep apnea test?
A home sleep apnea test provides a medical provider with information to diagnose sleep apnea. It allows you to sleep at home wearing equipment that collects information about how you breathe during sleep. You will usually set up the testing equipment yourself.
There are a variety of devices that have different sensors and equipment. These devices measure your breathing and blood oxygen level. Some also may measure your heart rate or other information about your body.
A medical provider may recommend a home sleep apnea test if:
- It is highly likely that you have moderate to severe sleep apnea
- You have no significant medical conditions other than the suspected sleep apnea
You should not have a home sleep apnea test if:
- You do not have a high risk of sleep apnea
- Your doctor suspects that you have another sleep disorder
- You have certain medical conditions including pulmonary diseases, neuromuscular diseases or congestive heart failure
- It is physically difficult for you to administer the test at home
In these cases, your doctor may recommend a sleep study instead of a home sleep apnea test. A sleep study provides the most complete evaluation of your sleep.